Sunday, October 19, 2014

India Launches Methodology to Present Air Quality Index

India launched an index on Friday to measure air quality across the country, which is home to some of the most polluted cities in the world. It will measure eight major pollutants that impact respiratory health in cities with populations exceeding one million in the next five years and then gradually the rest of the country, Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar told reporters. The Air Quality Index will warn residents when pollution levels shoot past dangerous levels.

More @ The Guardian

Thursday, October 09, 2014

Who Made This Charcoal Briquette - Linking Motoring and Outdooing Cooking

In the summer of 1919, a Michigan real estate agent named Edward G. Kingsford was invited on a camping trip by his wife’s cousin, the industrialist Henry Ford. In addition to Ford, the adventurers included Thomas Edison, the tire magnate Harvey Firestone and the naturalist John Burroughs. Although the group called themselves the Vagabonds, they traveled with chauffeurs and a chef in a convoy of six vehicles, one of which was a fully equipped kitchen truck.

Link to the article @ NY Times.

Kingsford was invited to join this annual adventure so that he and Ford could discuss timber, specifically the timber that might be found in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula. Americans bought one million Model T’s in 1919, and between the frame, wheel spokes, dashboard and running board, each car contained about 100 board feet of hardwood. So Ford wanted to produce his own. By the following spring, Kingsford had helped the industrialist acquire 313,000 acres of timberland in Iron Mountain, Mich. Ford built a sawmill and a parts plant there, along with a neighboring town — named Kingsford — to house the workers.

The mill produced plenty of lumber for Ford cars, but it also generated waste in the form of stumps, branches and sawdust. This irked Ford, who didn’t like to leave money lying on the ground. The solution came from a University of Oregon chemist named Orin Stafford, who had invented a method for making pillow-shaped lumps of fuel from sawdust and mill waste combined with tar and bound together with cornstarch. He called the lumps “charcoal briquettes.” Ford, ever efficient, shortened the word to “briquet.”

Edison designed a briquette factory next to the sawmill, and Kingsford ran it. It was a model of efficiency, producing 610 pounds of briquettes for every ton of scrap wood. At the beginning, the charcoal sold to meat and fish smokehouses, but supply exceeded demand. By the mid-1930s, Ford was marketing “Picnic Kits” containing charcoal and portable grills directly from Ford dealerships, capitalizing on the link between motoring and outdoor adventure that his own Vagabond travels popularized. “Enjoy a modern picnic,” the package suggested. “Sizzling broiled meats, steaming coffee, toasted sandwiches.”

But the Great Depression might not have been the best time to evoke the charm of outdoor cooking, which must have called to mind the Hooverville shantytowns springing up in every city. It wasn’t until after World War II that backyard barbecuing took off, thanks to suburban migration, the invention of the Weber grill and the marketing efforts of the businessmen who bought Ford Charcoal in 1951. They renamed it Kingsford Charcoal and persuaded the major supermarket chains to carry it. By 1963, barbecues, like cars, were icons of American leisure. As an article in Reader’s­ Digest observed, “Cooking with charcoal . . . is now as deeply ingrained in American life as the long weekend and the servantless kitchen.”

Tuesday, September 16, 2014

Air Pollution News & Alerts - September 16th, 2014

World Coal, September 16th, 2014
How much CO2 can be saved by upgrading the global coal fleet?

Climate Progress, September 16th, 2014
How Indoor Air Pollution Kills Millions — And How Solar Could Help Save Them.

The Energy Collective, September 15th, 2014
Cleaning China's Smoggy Skies: China Released Draft Air Pollution Law Amendments for Public Comment.

Energy Live News, September 15th, 2014
China plans national carbon trading from 2016.

The Guardian, September 15th, 2014
Where the wildfires are: if there's smoke, there are costly health problems.

Bangkok Post, September 15th, 2014
Singapore chokes on Indonesian haze.

New York Times, September 14th, 2014
China's Environmental Awakening.

BBC, September 14th, 2014
Walking or cycling to work 'improves well-being'.

Science Daily, September 14th, 2014
Rules of thumb for climate change turned upside down: Wet and dry regions recalculated.

NPR, September 12th, 2014
Environmental costs, health risks, and benefits of fracking examined.

International BUsiness Times, September 12th, 2014
Air Pollution Harms Children's Brains and Puts Them at Risk of Developing Alzheimer's.

Health Day, September 12th, 2014
Traffic Pollution Linked to Higher Levels of Obesity Hormone.

EurActiv, September 12th, 2014
New EU air pollution rules underway for ‘non-road mobile machinery’.

Indian Express, September 11th, 2014
City Gasps for Breath as Air Quality Worsens.

NPR, September 11th, 2014
Ozone Levels Bounce Back, Showing First Increase In 35 Years.

Science Daily, September 11th, 2014
Atmosphere in northern hemisphere has lower self-cleaning capacity than previously thought.

The Guardian, September 11th, 2014
New Yorkers up in arms over geothermal drilling.

LA Times, September 10th, 2014
Beijing's smog makes Los Angeles air look good.

Science Daily, September 10th, 2014
Air pollution harmful to young brains.

Bloomberg, September 10th, 2014
China Proposes Air-Pollution Law That May Cut Coal Consumption.

Science Daily, September 9th, 2014
Carbon dioxide concentration surges: Record greenhouse gas levels impact atmosphere and oceans.

Power Engineering, September 9th, 2014
UN says CO2 pollution levels at annual record high.

Asian Age, September 7th, 2014
Mumbai ranks 12 in air pollution: WHO.

Indian Express, September 5th, 2014
One in five power units out of service as outages rule.

Business Standard, September 5th, 2014
Demand for power drops in Punjab due to rains.

Global Post, September 4th, 2014
Beijing, surrounding areas to intensify car pollution treatment.

Voice of America, Spetember 4th, 2014
Ozone Pollution in India Kills Crops that Could Feed 94 Million.

Economic Times, September 4th, 2014
Coal India to rush additional coal to power plants facing fuel crunch.

The Journal, September 3rd, 2014
New coal industry in North East will create hundreds of jobs and create greener energy.

Science Codex, September 3rd, 2014
Lowering coal-fired power plant emissions may have saved 1,700 lives in 1 year.

The Age, September 3rd, 2014
We must kill dirty coal before it kills us.

Hindustan Times, September 3rd, 2014
Delhi's air pollution levels remain a problem.

Climate Central, September 2nd, 2014
For Air Pollution, Trash Is a Burning Problem.

Times of India, September 2nd, 2014
India ninth most polluted nation.

Times of India, September 2nd, 2014
Realty activities, vehicles shroud Bangalore in dust clouds.

Times of India, September 1st, 2014
MP pollution board doesn't know about errant MNCs.

Bangkok Post, August 29th, 2014
Pollution, smoking, roads, obesity kill 4.7m Chinese a year.

Indian Express, August 29th, 2014
Coal shortages: State-owned power plants bear the brunt.

Power Technology, August 28th, 2014
Existing power plants will emit 300 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide in their lifetime.

AU News, August 28th, 2014
Countries with the worst air pollution ranked by World Health Organisation.

Nature India, August 28th, 2014
India’s air pollution deadlier than AIDS, malaria.

Power Engineering, August 28th, 2014
German regulator advocates continuing use of coal power.

Outlook, August 27th, 2014
Weak Monsoon, High Temperature Increasing Delhi's Pollution.

Shanghai Daily, August 27th, 2014
Last call for heavy polluting trucks.

Quartz News, August 27th, 2014
Could Beijing be the healthiest city in China?

ECNS, August 26th, 2014
Analysis says dust contributes the most to Tianjin's smog.

Trend News, August 26th, 2014
Natural gas hasn’t lessen Iran’s air pollution plague.

UCAR, August 26th, 2014
Trash burning worldwide significantly worsens air pollution.

Power Engineering, August 26th, 2014
$1.91bn coal-fired power plant for Tokyo.

Power Engineering, August 26th, 2014
$1.91bn coal-fired power plant for Tokyo.

The Week, August 25th, 2014
Ghosts who sign.

Climate Progress, August 25th, 2014
Cutting Carbon Pollution Saves More Money Than It Costs By Making People Healthier.

Christian Science Monitor, August 25th, 2014
In race for solar power, China is winning.

Power Technology, August 25th, 2014
India kicks off process to set up four new ultra mega power projects., August 24th, 2014
Your neighbourhood petrol pump is the source of India's deadliest pollution.

Business Standard, August 23rd, 2014
No petrol, diesel for motorists in Delhi without pollution certificate.

Alt Energy Mag, August 22nd, 2014
Supercritical Boilers Market Growth And Forecast 2020.

Power Engineering, August 22nd, 2014
Indian PM dedicates new power plants despite ongoing coal shortage.

Power Engineering, August 22nd, 2014
Poland's 2050 policy outlines move away from coal.

ECNS, August 22nd, 2014
Western polluters are free riders in China.

Power Engineering, August 20th, 2014
UK coal plant in Europe emissions controversy.

North Jersey News, August 18th, 2014
N.J. breathing easier with fixes made to coal-burning power plants hundreds of miles away.

Mining Weekly, August 18th, 2014
Indian government steps in to ensure coal supplies to power plants.

ECNS, August 18th, 2014
Fight poverty to reduce pollution.

Energy Central, August 18th, 2014
Scientists keeping an eye on carbon-dioxide injections.

The Hindu, August 18th, 2014
BHEL develops fuel flexible super critical boiler.

Science Daily, August 18th, 2014
Minor variations in ice sheet size can trigger abrupt climate change.

The Guardian, August 18th, 2014
The cost of cancer: why health impacts belong on company balance sheets.

Baltimore Sun, August 18th, 2014
UM study warns of health impacts from fracking.

Heart Land, August 18th, 2014
Greenpeace Blasts China’s Coal Plans.

Reuters, August 18th, 2014
China's air pollution worsens in July, highest in north.

Xinhua Net, August 18th, 2014
China's new energy car output surges.

City of Beijing, August 18th, 2014
Beijing hits pollution reduction targets.

Power Engineering, August 17th, 2014
America's Best Coal Plants.

Earth Times, August 17th, 2014
Air pollution means death in cities.

Economic Times, August 17th, 2014
Europe's nuclear fleet to undergo prolonged outages; reliability of power supply to decline.

Times of India, August 17th, 2014
Pollution fight needs to cover whole of NCR.

New York Times, August 16th, 2014
China Confronts Its Coal Problem.

Business Green, August 16th, 2014
Beijing's coal use drops seven per cent over first half of 2014.

Xinhua Net, August 16th, 2014
Beijing to step up air quality control for APEC.

ECNS, August 15th, 2014
NW China city's air pollution transformation.

Tree hugger, August 15th, 2014
New app displays air pollution data for 1000 cities worldwide, offers personalized alerts.

Times of India, August 15th, 2014
East Delhi dumping ground to be turned into a forest.

Huffington Post, August 15th, 2014
New Air Quality Index May Help India's Cities Breathe Easier.

Cycling Weekly, August 15th, 2014
Cyclists exposed to five times less air pollution than those in cars.

The Guardian, August 15th, 2014
Why we need European state aid to support the energy market.

ECNS, August 15th, 2014
China considers high-speed freight trains.

Xinhua Net, August 15th, 2014
Rising CO2 levels intensify algal blooms across globe.

Power Engineering, August 14th, 2014
Udupi coal-fired power plant in $983m sale.

Science Daily, August 14th, 2014
Politicians need to address transport taboos, not just new technology, to meet carbon targets.

Power Technology, August 14th, 2014
Adani Power buys Lanco’s thermal plant in India.

Science Magazine, August 14th, 2014
Attribution of global glacier mass loss to anthropogenic and natural causes.

Business Report, August 13th, 2014
SA's coal clean-up digs deep with gasification.

World Coal, August 13th, 2014
Future of China's CTG industry uncertain.

IEA Center, August 13th, 2014
Italy: Clean Coal R&D Centre gets significant government funding.

Xinhua Net, August 12th, 2014
China to raise natural gas prices.

NPR, August 12th, 2014
Iowa's Corn Farmers Learn To Adapt To Weather Extremes.

EIN News, August 11th, 2014
Still a Lot to Learn About India’s Deadly Air Pollution.

Responding to Climate Change, August 11th, 2014
US and Taiwan sign deal to cut urban air pollution.

Scientific American, August 11th, 2014
The Cyclic Nature of “Crazy Bad” Air Pollution and Fuel Transitions.

Power Engineering, August 11th, 2014
Pakistan embraces coal-fired power expansion.

World Coal, August 10th, 2014
National Economic Council approves Bangladesh power plant.

The Hill, August 8th, 2014
Powering Africa by investing in coal.

Power Engineering, August 7th, 2014
World Bank acknowledges coal’s potential to improve Africa.

World Coal, August 13th, 2014
Beijing steps up efforts to curb pollution.

South China Morning Post, August 11th, 2014
City advisers blast runway environmental report as 'wishful thinking'.

USA Today, August 7th, 2014
Economic arguments to act on climate change.

Yale 360, August 7th, 2014
Mercury Pollution in Oceans Has Tripled Since Industrial Revolution.

Yale 360, August 6th, 2014
China Added Large Amount Of Solar Power in First Half of 2014.

NASDAQ, August 5th, 2014
Is It America's Job to Save China's Environment?

Al-Jazeera, August 1st, 2014
How will China deal with growing anger over pollution?

Friday, September 12, 2014

Comparing Particulate Pollution in Beijing and Los Angeles

Los Angeles' skies are among the most foul in the United States: In the American Lung Assn.'s 2014 national State of the Air survey, the L.A.-Long Beach area ranked worst in terms of ozone concentrations and third worst in terms of particulates as measured by the standard known as PM2.5, which captures particles so small they can be seen only with an electron microscope. But if L.A. were in China, it would be cleaner than all 74 major cities tracked in 2013 by the Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection, based on PM2.5 levels. Read more @ LA Times